Morcha literally means, a battlefront, and in the current parlance of political struggle, particularly amongst the Sikhs, an issue of confrontation with the Government. Whenever the Sikh people are persuaded that the Government of the day is acting in a manner which is basically hostile to the fundamental Sikh interests, they create or seek for a situation in which the Government has to enforce its statutory laws by penalizing the Sikhs. Thus, a situation develops in which bands of Sikhs come forth to undergo penalties of the law with a view to assert the supremacy of their own metalegal fundamental interests. Such a confrontation is given the name of a morcha.
The term has now traveled even into the non-Sikh circles where similar situations are named as morchas by the parties contending against the Government of the day on a particular issue.